Investing in real estate can be a great way to generate income and build wealth, but it's important to understand the risks and rewards associated with it. Before investing in real estate, there are at least three key considerations to keep in mind: location, rental income, and average rental rates. Location is the most important factor when selecting an investment property. It largely determines the types of tenants the property will attract, as well as the vacancy rate.
When considering the location of the property, it's important to have a medium and long-term vision of how the area is expected to evolve during the investment period. For example, a quiet open land at the back of a residential building could one day become a noisy manufacturing plant, diminishing its value. It's also important to thoroughly review the property and the intended use of the immediate areas in which you plan to invest. When calculating the expected return on a property, it's usually a good idea to comply with the 1% rule.
This rule states that every month you should be prepared to collect no less than 1% of the price you paid for it, including the purchase price and any additional money you invest, such as repairs or renovations. However, if you're buying a million-dollar property or investing in an up-and-coming neighborhood that's unlikely to get a good return right away, you can choose to sidestep the 1% rule and focus on the long term. In those cases, try to keep your monthly mortgage payment at 1% of your investment or less. When investing in real estate, you can choose to engage directly with your tenants or pay a management company to do that kind of work for you.
Hiring a property management service is a significant expense but it's not necessarily more expensive than doing things on your own. For example, if you're renting out a vacation rental, you'll have to pay to market the property on several websites, which also tend to charge additional fees such as booking or rental fees. With a property management company, you may only have to pay a fixed commission per rental, usually around 10%. It's also important to invest in a property that is located in an area with high demand for rental properties or houses for sale.
Properties located near services such as schools, hospitals, shopping centers and public transportation tend to attract higher rental rates and an appreciation of their value. If you're not in a hurry to get a return on your investment, you can use the property yourself after buying it and wait for its value to appreciate before deciding to sell it. Different locations may have different legal requirements so it's important to visit local government offices where you plan to invest in real estate and check if there are any restrictions you should be aware of. If you're planning to rent your property, research landlord and tenant law and short-term rental regulations in the area of your choice and make sure that the law is favorable to you as a landlord.
Investing in a market with low demand for rental properties and a slowdown in price appreciation can lead to lower rental rates and low return on investment. It's also important to understand both the pros and cons of real estate investing so you know exactly what you're getting into and can make smart investment decisions. Given the low liquidity and high-value investment in real estate, lack of clarity can result in unexpected results including financial difficulties, especially if the investment is mortgaged. One of the dangers of real estate investing is the misconception that real estate investments generate automatic profits. However, real estate investment can also provide consistent cash flow, substantial appreciation, tax advantages and competitive risk-adjusted returns making it a sound investment. While some investments may be riskier than others, certain types of real estate investments could bring you a significant return. In conclusion, investing in real estate can be an excellent way to generate income and build wealth but it's important to consider location, rental income and average rental rates before making any decisions.
It's also important to research local laws and regulations before investing in any particular area.